Croatian Radical Separatism and Diaspora Terrorism During the Cold War
Series: Central European Studies
294 Pages, 6.00 x 9.00 in
Croatian Radical Separatism and Diaspora Terrorism During the Cold War examines one of the most active but least remembered groups of terrorists of the Cold War: radical anti-Yugoslav Croatian separatists. Operating in countries as widely dispersed as Sweden, Australia, Argentina, West Germany, and the United States, Croatian extremists were responsible for scores of bombings, numerous attempted and successful assassinations, two guerilla incursions into socialist Yugoslavia, and two airplane hijackings during the height of the Cold War. In Australia alone, Croatian separatists carried out no less than sixty-five significant acts of violence in one ten-year period. Diaspora Croats developed one of the most far-reaching terrorist networks of the Cold War and, in total, committed on average one act of terror every five weeks worldwide between 1962 and 1980.
Tokić focuses on the social and political factors that radicalized certain segments of the Croatian diaspora population during the Cold War and the conditions that led them to embrace terrorism as an acceptable form of political expression. At its core, this book is concerned with the discourses and practices of radicalization—the ways in which both individuals and groups who engage in terrorism construct a particular image of the world to justify their actions. Drawing on exhaustive evidence from seventeen archives in ten countries on three continents—including diplomatic communiqués, political pamphlets and manifestos, manuals on bomb-making, transcripts of police interrogations of terror suspects, and personal letters among terrorists—Tokić tells the comprehensive story of one of the Cold War’s most compelling global political movements.
List of Acronyms
Our Position Is Clear
Chapter 1: There Can Be No More Discussion, 1948–1956
Chapter 2: In Contradiction to Sociopolitical Norms, 1956–1960
Chapter 3: The Facts as They Exist, 1960–1962
Chapter 4: All Accounts Have Not Yet Been Settled, 1962–1969
Chapter 5: We Have Chosen No One but Ourselves, 1969–1972
Chapter 6: Simply, It Comes Down to This, 1972–1980
Epilogue: Fixated for Many Years on This Day, 1980–1991
"Croatian Radical Separatism and Diaspora Terrorism During the Cold War is a must-read for scholars investigating the global rise of transnational separatist movements and the ideological convictions that mobilize their adherents into action. The book not only provides a richly detailed and meticulous historical account of Croatian émigré radicalization, but it also provides a persuasively argued framework for assessing the complex entanglements of migrations and political violence that fuel radical politics and, potentially, the planning and execution of violent terrorist acts. The key findings of Tokić's compelling study extend well beyond the particularities of the Croatian case and make a critical contribution to the analysis of an issue of vital contemporary importance." —Daphne Winland, author of We Are Now a Nation: Croats Between "Home and Homeland"
"An outstanding, thoroughly researched monograph that fills a major gap in our understanding of Croatian radicalism during the period of the Cold War. A great combination of historiographical thoroughness and erudite narration." —Zlatko Skrbiš, Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education and Innovation) at Australian Catholic University and author of Long-Distance Nationalism: Diasporas, Homelands, and Identities
"Mate Nikola Tokić martials a very sizable quantity of archival documents, and he deftly uses these to present a compelling and nuanced account of political radicalization among Croatian émigrés during the Cold War. Tokić's analysis is subtle and convincing, and he adroitly avoids simplistic judgments. The complicated interactions between the émigrés and Western intelligence agencies in particular hold great relevance for contemporary analyses of radicalization among émigré populations." —Christian Axboe Nielsen, author of Making Yugoslavs: Identity in King Aleksandar's Yugoslavia