It has been two decades since Yugoslavia fell apart. The brutal conflicts that followed its dissolution are over, but the legacy of the tragedy continues to unsettle the region. Reconciliation is a long and difficult process that necessitates a willingness to work together openly and objectively in confronting the past. Over the past ten years the Scholars” Initiative has assembled an international consortium of historians, social scientists, and jurists to examine the salient controversies that still divide the peoples of former Yugoslavia. The findings of its eleven research teams represent a direct assault on the proprietary narratives and interpretations that nationalist politicians and media have impressed on mass culture in each of the successor states. Given gaps in the historical record and the existence of sometimes contradictory evidence, this volume does not pretend to resolve all of the outstanding issues. Nevertheless, this second edition incorporates new evidence and major developments that have taken place in the region since the first edition went to press. At the heart of this project has always been the insistence of the authors that they would continue to reconsider their analyses and conclusions based on credible new evidence. Thus, in this second edition, the work of the Scholars' Initiative continues. The broadly conceived synthesis will assist scholars, public officials, and the people they represent both in acknowledging inconvenient facts and in discrediting widely held myths that inform popular attitudes and the electoral success of nationalist politicians who profit from them. Rather than rely on special pleading and appeals to patriotism that have no place in scholarship, the volume vests its credibility in the scientific credentials of its investigators, the transparent impartiality of its methodology, and an absolute commitment to soliciting and examining evidence presented by all sides.
Preface to second edition, by Charles Ingrao and Thomas A. Emmert
Acknowledgments, by Charles Ingrao and Thomas A. Emmert
Introduction, by Charles Ingrao
1. The Dissolution of Yugoslavia, by Andrew Wachtel and Christopher Bennett
2. Kosovo under Autonomy, 1974–1990, by Momčilo Pavlović
3. Independence and the Fate of Minorities, 1991–1992, by Gale Stokes
4. Ethnic Cleansing and War Crimes, 1991–1995, by Marie-Janine Calic
5. The International Community and the FRY/Belligerents, 1989–1997, by Matjaž Klemenčič
6. Safe Areas by Charles Ingrao
7. The War in Croatia, 1991–1995, by Mile Bjelajac and Ozren Žunec
8. Kosovo under the Milošević Regime, by Dušan Janjić, with Anna Lalaj and Besnik Pula
9. The War in Kosovo, 1998–1999, by James Gow
10. The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, by John B. Allcock, Editor
11. Living Together or Hating Each Other?, by David MacDonald
12. Montenegro: A Polity in Flux, 1989–2000, by Kenneth Morrison
Charles Ingrao is Professor of History at Purdue University. He has authored or edited many books on central Europe. He is founding editor of H-Net's HABSBURG discussion group and has served as editor of The Austrian History Yearbook (1997-2006). He is presently completing a book (with Bruce Pauley) on ethnic conflict in central Europe and directs the Scholars' Initiative, an international consortium of scholars dedicated to confronting the controversies of the recent Yugoslav wars.
Tom Emmert joined the Gustavus History Department in 1973. He teaches the European history survey, as well as courses on both Imperial and modern Russia, the Ottoman Empire, 19th century European intellectual and cultural movements, and Balkan nationalism. He is currently teaching a new seminar on Stalin. Emmert received his BA from St. Olaf in 1967, and his MA and PhD from Stanford University in 1970 and 1973 respectively.